Andrew Richard / Via BuzzFeed

Although type 2 diabetes is the most common form of diabetes, there are a lot of misconceptions about what it actually does to the body and why it happens.

We reached out to diabetes expert Dr. Dorothy Fink, of NYU Langone Endocrine and Diabetes Center, to dispel the most common diabetes myths.

Before we talk about the myths, let’s define type 2 diabetes.

According to the American Diabetes Association (ADA), type 2 diabetes (T2D) is a chronic condition which causes blood glucose (sugar) levels to be higher than normal, also called “hyperglycemia.” It’s also known as adult-onset or noninsulin-dependent diabetes.

“It’s defined as having a hemoglobin A1C higher than 6.5 — which is a measure of how much sugar has coated your red blood cells over the last 2-3 months,” says Fink.

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When your A1C is high, that means your body isn’t processing sugar correctly and too much glucose is in your blood. T2D is usually treated with lifestyle changes, oral medications, and insulin injection, but it varies by person.

1. There are many different risk factors associated with type 2 diabetes.

No one thing causes diabetes, it’s a multifaceted diagnosis. According to the Mayo Clinic, these are the known risk factors (although not all of these will apply…

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